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Prison Statistics

Prison Statistics for 2006

Source: The National Crime Records Bureau, Prison Statistics India 2006. http://ncrb.nic.in/PSI2006/prison2006.htm

Kinds and number of prisons based on capacity, classification by age, gender and purpose of use

Type of Prison

Purpose

Number

Central

To lodge prisoners with long sentences and high security prisoners. These also lodge under-trial prisoners

111

District

To lodge prisoners on trial or with medium range of sentences.

293

Sub

To lodge under-trial prisoners involved in petty offences and with small penal sentences

852

Women's

To lodge women prisoners exclusively. These are independent of the other prisons where are women lodged in a separate annexe of the main prison

15

Borstal School

To lodge prisoners in the age group of 16-21 years

10

Open

To lodge prisoners who are reformed and to provide them with a semi-open access to outside society

27

Special

To lodge difficult, violent, dangerous, habitual, professional criminals

20

Other Jails

Only some states have it. The purpose is not very clear

8

Total

1336

Available capacity vs. Inmate population and Occupancy rate [inmate population/ total capacity*100]


Available capacity

263911

Total inmate population

373271

Occupancy rate

141.4

Type and share of Prison inmates


Type of prisoners

Percentage

Convicts

31.3

Undertrials

65.7

Detenues

0.6

Other

2.4

Distribution of convicts and under-trials under various crime headsConvicts


Crime heads under the Indian Penal Code

Percentage

Murder

58.0

Attempt to Murder

8.4

Robbery

2.0

Rape

6.4

Culpable Homicide not amounting to Murder

3.4

Dacoity

2.8

Others

19

Crime heads under Special and local laws

Percentage

Drug related

33.0

Railway offences

11.2

Arms

13.6

Dowry

2.9

Excise

7.6

Prohibition

5.0

Gambling

3.1

Others

23.6

Under-trial prisoners


Crime heads under the Indian Penal Code

Percentage

Murder

28.0

Attempt to Murder

11.7

Thefts

12.2

Rape

5.6

Burglary

2.4

Dacoity

5.9

Others

34.2

Crime heads under Special and local laws

Percentage

Drug related

20.3

Railway offences

6.7

Arms

22.6

Dowry

7.8

Excise

10.8

Prohibition

3.7

Gambling

3.8

Others

24.3

Period of detention of under-trials


Period of detention

Percentage of under-trials

Up to 3 months

42.4

3-6 months

21.6

6-12 months

17.4

1-2 years

11.0

2-3 years

4.6

3-5 years

2.3

Above 5 years

0.6

Death in Jails


Death due to natural causes

1343

Death due to unnatural causes

80

Total

1423

Breakdown of unnatural deaths


Suicide

62

Execution, deaths due to firing

0

Murder by inmates

3

Death due to assault by outside elements

5

Death due to negligence/excess of jail personnel

2

Other causes

8

Sanctioned and actual strength of total jail staff during 2000


Sanctioned strength

58963

Actual Strength

48602

Percentage of actual to sanctioned strength

82.43

Budget


Total Annual Budget (plan + non plan)

Rs. 144509.8

Total Actual Expenditure

Rs. 93882.8

[All figures are in Rupees Lakhs where 1 Lakh = 1,00,000 units]


Prison Statistics for 2002

The National Crime Records Bureau is yet to process the Prison Statistics for the years 2001, 2002 and 2003. But according to the data available from the National Human Rights Commission of India, as on 30th June 2002,

  • There are 3,04,893 prisoners in Indian jails out of which 2,25,817 are under-trial prisoners.
  • The sanctioned capacity is 2,32,412. Consequently, the prisons are overcrowded by 31.19%.
  • Women account for 3.42% of the total population.
  • There are 787 children below the age of 5 - 6 with their mothers in the jails.

Source: June 2003 issue of the NHRC newsletter titled - 'Human Rights News Letter'


Prison Statistics for 2000

These figures do not provide information from the three newly carved states of Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Uttaranchal for which data was not available to the National Crime Records Bureau.

Kinds and number of prisons based on capacity, classification by age, gender and purpose of use


Type of Prison

Purpose

Number

Central

To lodge prisoners with long sentences and high security prisoners. These also lodge under-trial prisoners

90

District

To lodge prisoners on trial or with medium range of sentences.

256

Sub

To lodge under-trial prisoners involved in petty offences and with small penal sentences

635

Women's

To lodge women prisoners exclusively. These are independent of the other prisons where are women lodged in a separate annexe of the main prison

14

Borstal School

To lodge prisoners in the age group of 16-21 years

12

Open

To lodge prisoners who are reformed and to provide them with a semi-open access to outside society

21

Special

To lodge difficult, violent, dangerous, habitual, professional criminals

20

Other Jails

Only some states have it. The purpose is not very clear

10

Total

1058

Available capacity vs. Inmate population and Occupancy rate [inmate population/ total capacity*100]


Available capacity

211720

Total inmate population

248115

Occupancy rate

117.19

Type and share of Prison inmates


Type of prisoners

Percentage

Convicts

23.5

Under-trials

71.2

Detenues

1.3

Civil

3.9

Mentally ill

0.1

Distribution of convicts and under-trials under various crime heads Convicts


Crime heads under the Indian Penal Code

Percentage

Murder

60.8

Attempt to Murder

7.4

Theft

5.7

Rape

5.2

Culpable Homicide not amounting to Murder

4.3

Dacoity

3.4

Others

13.2

Crime heads under Special and local laws

Percentage

Drug related

24.9

Railway offences

11.8

Arms

8.1

Dowry

7.4

Excise

7.2

Prohibition

6.6

Others

34

Under-trial prisoners


Crime heads under the Indian Penal Code

Percentage

Murder

32.5

Attempt to Murder

13.6

Theft

12.1

Rape

6

Burglary

3.2

Dacoity

7.5

Others

25.1

Crime heads under Special and local laws

Percentage

Drug related

15.3

Railway offences

8.4

Arms

21.7

Dowry

8.4

Excise

10

Prohibition

5.2

Gambling

4.1

Others

26.9

Period of detention of under-trials


Period of detention

Percentage of under-trials

Upto 3 months

40.4

3-6 months

22.6

6-12 months

17.8

1-2 years

11.6

2-3 years

5

3-5 years

2.1

Above 5 years

0.4

Death in Jails


Death due to natural causes

729

Death due to unnatural causes

70

Total

799

Break up of unnatural deaths


Suicide

18

Execution

0

Murder by inmates

2

Death due to firing

8

Death due to excess

0

Other causes and negligence by staff

42

Sanctioned and actual strength of total jail staff during 2000


Sanctioned strength

47378

Actual Strength

41607

Percentage of actual to sanctioned strength

87.82

Budget


Total sanctioned budget

Rs. 804.630

Total Plan expenditure

Rs. 35.196

Total Non-Plan Expenditure on Development and Non-Development Activities

Rs. 730.641

Total expenses on inmates on Food, Clothing, Medical, Vocation/ Education, Welfare and others

Rs. 174.794

[All figures are in Crores where 1 Crore-1,00,00,000 units.]

 

 

Prison Reforms

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